Minimax emission computed tomography using high resolution anatomical side information and B-spline models

IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, vol. 45, no. 3, pp. 920-938, April 1999
Minimax emission computed tomography using high resolution anatomical side information and B-spline models
Alfred O. Hero III, Robinson Piramuthu, Jeffrey A. Fessler, Stephen R.Titus
eBay Authors

In this paper a minimax methodology is presented for combining information from two imaging modalities having different intrinsic spatial resolutions. The focus application is emission computed tomography (ECT), a low-resolution modality for reconstruction of radionuclide tracer density, when supplemented by high-resolution anatomical boundary information extracted from a magnetic resonance image (MRI) of the same imaging volume.

The MRI boundary within the two-dimensional (2-D) slice of interest is parameterized by a closed planar curve. The Cramer–Rao (CR) lower bound is used to analyze estimation errors for different boundary shapes. Under a spatially inhomogeneous Gibbs field model for the tracer density a representation for the minimax MRI-enhanced tracer density estimator is obtained. It is shown that the estimator is asymptotically equivalent to a penalized maximum likelihood (PML) estimator with resolution selective Gibbs penalty.

Quantitative comparisons are presented using the iterative space alternating generalized expectation maximization (SAGE-EM) algorithm to implement the PML estimator with and without minimax weight averaging.

Another publication from the same author:

WACV, March, 2016

Fashion Apparel Detection: The Role of Deep Convolutional Neural Network and Pose-dependent Priors

Kota Hara, Vignesh Jagadeesh, Robinson Piramuthu

In this work, we propose and address a new computer vision task, which we call fashion item detection, where the aim is to detect various fashion items a person in the image is wearing or carrying. The types of fashion items we consider in this work include hat, glasses, bag, pants, shoes and so on.

The detection of fashion items can be an important first step of various e-commerce applications for fashion industry. Our method is based on state-of-the-art object detection method which combines object proposal methods with a Deep Convolutional Neural Network.

Since the locations of fashion items are in strong correlation with the locations of body joints positions, we incorporate contextual information from body poses in order to improve the detection performance. Through the experiments, we demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method.

Another publication from the same category: Computer Vision

Mathematics in Image Formation and Processing, July 2000

Statistical proximal point methods for image reconstruction

A.O. Hero, S. Crétien and Robinson Piramuthu