An efficient method for computing leave-one-out error in support vector machines with Gaussian kernels

IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks, 2003
An efficient method for computing leave-one-out error in support vector machines with Gaussian kernels
Abstract

In this paper, we give an efficient method for computing the leave-one-out (LOO) error for support vector machines (SVMs) with Gaussian kernels quite accurately. It is particularly suitable for iterative decomposition methods of solving SVMs.

The importance of various steps of the method is illustrated in detail by showing the performance on six benchmark datasets. The new method often leads to speedups of 10-50 times compared to standard LOO error computation. It has good promise for use in hyperparameter tuning and model comparison.

Another publication from the same category: Machine Learning and Data Science

IEEE Computing Conference 2018, London, UK

Regularization of the Kernel Matrix via Covariance Matrix Shrinkage Estimation

The kernel trick concept, formulated as an inner product in a feature space, facilitates powerful extensions to many well-known algorithms. While the kernel matrix involves inner products in the feature space, the sample covariance matrix of the data requires outer products. Therefore, their spectral properties are tightly connected. This allows us to examine the kernel matrix through the sample covariance matrix in the feature space and vice versa. The use of kernels often involves a large number of features, compared to the number of observations. In this scenario, the sample covariance matrix is not well-conditioned nor is it necessarily invertible, mandating a solution to the problem of estimating high-dimensional covariance matrices under small sample size conditions. We tackle this problem through the use of a shrinkage estimator that offers a compromise between the sample covariance matrix and a well-conditioned matrix (also known as the "target") with the aim of minimizing the mean-squared error (MSE). We propose a distribution-free kernel matrix regularization approach that is tuned directly from the kernel matrix, avoiding the need to address the feature space explicitly. Numerical simulations demonstrate that the proposed regularization is effective in classification tasks.

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